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People & Lifestyles

Varanasi Travel Guide

Economic & Social Bonding
Varanasi is counted among holiest cities of India. It is often referred as mini India as people from many religions and cultural background, lives in Varanasi. Benares is a sacred place for Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, Jains etc due to which we can find different communities residing in this city with harmony. Here people are more religious and attached with religious and cultural values. Social and economic setup of city is such that all these religions are inter-linked and inter-dependent on each other which creates a good social bonding in between them. It can easily be understood with an example that as Varanasi is a popular sacred destination, tourists from all over the world visits Benares and Sarnath. Most of these tourists do shopping in Varanasi. Benarasi Saree is a popular shopping product of city. These sarees are traditionally produced at home industries of Muslim community. They are mostly sold on the shops and emporiums. In retail business sector, Jain community have good hold along with Hindus and Muslims. As Varanasi and Sarnath are holy sites for Hindus, Buddhists, Jains so most of the prominent buyers, in form of tourists are from these communities. It shows the clear interwoven connection and inter-dependence between these communities that confirms the social and economic bonding of Varanasi people.

Culture
Banaras has its own culture of find art and literature. Varanasi has produced many great Indian writers like Tulsidas (wrote Ram Charit Manas), Ravidas, Saint Kabir, Bhartendu Harishchandra etc. Similarly modern writers like Jaishankar Prasad, Munshi Premchand, Devaki Nandan Khatri, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Vagish Shastri, Acharya Shukla etc wear also from Varanasi. From one can imagine the contribution of Varanasi people in Indian literature. Similarly musicians like Ravi Shankar, Bismillah Khan, Girija Devi, Siddheshwari Devi, Lalmani Misra etc were from Varanasi. It show that depth of art & cultural values in blood of Varanasi. Intelligent Quotient (IQ) level of Banaras people is very high.

Lifestyle
Varanasi is a medium sized city of Varanasi. Although density of population is high. As a tourists, we often visit only 25% of Varanasi i.e. Old Benares city area. This part of city is the actual Kashi Nagari, parallel to Ganges river. Here old traditional buildings and narrow passages is common seen. Access to this region is complex due to narrow roads and high population density. Rickshaw (tri-cycle) is the most prominent mode of public transport in Old Varanasi. It is most preferred due to cheapness and compactness which can move easily in narrow lanes at slow speed. Rickshaw is the very common seen of Varanasi. Similarly "Paan" (Beetel leaf chewable product) is the most frequently used chewing item in Varanasi. People of any category from a labour to rich businessmen can be seen chewing Paan and spitting here and their. They can easily be identified with their red lips and spit-marks of orange in roads, lanes, walls etc. People in Varanasi prefers to wear white and orange outfits of cotton made. Saffron dress are preferred by religious people and Hindu saints. A thin cotton-made towel (locally called "Gamcha") is another distinguishing feature of Varanasi people. It is a multi-utility cloth piece which is used in various ways like as handkerchief, towel, turban and is easy to wash and dry. Varanasi people, belonging to any religion, are much more religious and spare handsome amount of time in their religious activities and rituals. Hindi langauge is most commonly used communication. Body structure and fitness of Varanasi people is good and 5 feet 6 inch is the average height of people. Overall pace of life in Varanasi is medium where society is moving towards modernization with slow pace. Such marks of change can be visualized in terms of mobile phone usage, use of loud-speakers, dress code is changing and now city is expanding in other directions. New generation is shifting in outskirts of city where area which are more developed with modern facilities and amenities like wide roads, better sewage system, water supply system but far from holy Ganges.

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