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Geography & Location

Varanasi Travel Guide

Geography & Location Details
Sharing Varanasi geography & location details. City is situated in middle of Ganges Valley in North India towards the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh, all through the left side crescent-shape Ganges bank, averaging from 15m (50 feet) to 21 m (70 feet) above river level. Varanasi is the district headquarters of its area. Varanasi is situated about 800 km south-east direction of Delhi, 320 km south-east direction of Lucknow and 121 km east direction of Allahabad and approx 63 Km south direction of Jaunpur. The 7 urban sub-units agglomeration, 'Varanasi Urban Agglomeration' covers about 112.26 km. This establishment of Varanasi district extends in-between 82° 56'E - 83° 03'E and 25° 14'N - 25° 23.5'N. the neighboring places to this city includes Lanka Manduadih, Gautam Nagar, Bachchhaon, Gandhinagar, Dumraon, Nagwar, Anandbagh, Shivala, Bhelpura, Maheshpur, Mahmoorganj, Giri Nagar, Gopal Vihar, Khanna, Luxa, BangaliTola, Chowk, Bulanala, Siddhagiribagh, Maulvibagh, Sigra, Naipokhari, Chaitganj, Guru Nanak Nagar, Kailgarh, Chaukaghat, Dhupchandi, Jaitpura, Kotwali and Adampura. This is a highly fertile land present in Indo-Gangetic Plains and receives low floods from Ganges. To the south of Rajghat plateau, a high ridge continues along the Ganges which is broken only by the entry of small streams. Gradually the city expanded along this ridge and spread out to the west behind it. The lofty location of Varanasi, 50-75 feet above the river, has made it magnificent to behold and has given it a stable foundation immune from the tempests of the Ganges. The River Ganges rises and falls dramatically, rainy season and dry, up and down this high escarpment. During the rains, from July to September, the river sells and rises as much as 50 feet up the ghats. The great stairs, the myriad shrines and even a few major temples are underwater during these months. When the river subsides, the entire riverfront must be reclaimed from beneath the tons of slit, sand deposited there by the Ganges. The city is on the high ridge and is rarely touched by this seasonal cycle. To the west of this high river ridge, is lowland basin. There are many smaller lakes and ponds in Varanasi today. They are called Kunds. Hindus prefer to have a round trip covering both the places in the name of "Pancha Kroshi Yatra" (covering 8.3 km) and finish their trip at Sakshi Vinayak Temple as part of their holy ritual. Situated in Uttar Pradesh, in northern part of India, Varanasi is located on the banks of the holy river, Ganges. During summers, weather can be as hot as 45° and humid too as Varanasi lies at the Tropic of cancer. Torrential rains and high humidity accompanies the monsoons that usually come in late June or early July for about two months. Delicious and juicy mangoes offer little relief from the sweating weather. On the other hand, winters are pleasant and temperature dips down to about 7&dec;. In Varanasi, the climatic conditions are most favorable for the tourists between October and April. The visitor to the city would hardly notice the unusual geography of Varanasi as many tanks, ponds are hidden in crowded sections of the city and which are accessible only by very narrow lanes. The basins that were once lakes have become city parks and the running streams have become streets but knowing something of its ancient geography, it is possible to glimpse what the City of Lights must have been like a thousand years ago.

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