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Dharmarajika Stupa

Dharamarajika Stupa

Dharmarajika Stupa is a popular tourist attraction, located in Sarnath, near Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh state in India. Here only remains of stupa is left as in 18th century, its bricks and other materials was used in construction and thus we are not able to see the actual stupa. Stupa was build during rule of Mauryan emperor Ashoka (304-232 BCE) to keep relics of lord Buddha. It is located close to Dhamekh stupa in same excavation site complex. If you are visiting Sarnath, then it is easy to visit this site as it is must visit spot of Sarnath tourism. At present, it is lying in excavation site complex where all prominent stupas, Ashoka pillar, Lions emblem and structural remains of the Buddhist monuments are preserved.

Stupa History
It was built at the time when Buddha relics were re-distributed to enshrine them at different locations. Emperor Ashoka opened thousands of relic stupas in which Dharamrajika Stupa of Sarnath is also one of them. As per conclusions, drawn from excavation work carried out at Sarnath site, it is said that originally Dharamrajika stupa was small in size of 13.49 meters in diameter. Later it is enlarged in six different phases by increasing the height, providing stairs from four directions to reach the top etc. During that time, it was fabulous stupa where Buddhist saints registers their presence. Unfortunately in 1794 AD, Jagat Singh pulled down the structure to arrange bricks & stones for his own construction requirements. He was Diwan of King of Baranas (Varanasi) Raja Chet Singh. While happening of this tragic incident, a green relic casket of green marble was re-covered which was kept in a stone-box. Casket was thrown in river ganges where as stone-box is available in Kolkata museum. In later archaeological excavation work, two Gupta period images were recovered in which one is of Colossal Bodhisattva of Kushan period in red stand-stone and second one is image of seated Buddha in Dharam-chakra-pravartana mudra.

How to visit
Dharamrajika stupa of Sarnath is located in Sarnath. It is in a enclosed excavation site where all other historical stupas, building remains, monuments are located in a preserved way. It is about 10 kms from Varanasi city and is easily accessible by road. You can hire a taxi from Varanasi and can easily reach the site. We have Varanasi car rental service through which taxi can be arranged for Sarnath visit. In order to visit the site, you need to take entrance ticket (paid service) and thus get entry to site. It is well maintained site with walking track, green grass carpet with sitting arrangements. Although information banners are kept at each spot but still guide service is advised to make your visit more meaningful & comprehensive. Visit can be concluded in 3-4 hours depending upon the interest and enthusiasm of visitor.

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